How important is the hottest manufacturing industr

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How important is manufacturing to the rise of a country

no farmers are unstable, no workers are not strong, no businesses are not rich. Due to the relatively limited output of agriculture, among the three industries, industry is truly an industry with strong hematopoietic function, which is of extraordinary significance to the sustained economic prosperity and social stability

as early as 2010, China has become the world's largest industrial country, fulfilling the long cherished wish of the first generation of collective leadership represented by Comrade Mao Zedong to develop China from an agricultural country to an industrial country. Just when the Chinese people completed the historical achievements of preliminary industrialization, there were some disharmonious notes in the society. Some people linked industry with sweatshops; Some people even regard industry as an industry that will inevitably be eliminated by history, and propose to learn from the advanced experience of the West and engage in deindustrialization

then, is industry really the culprit of environmental pollution, and is it an industry that will inevitably be eliminated by history

01 the rise of great powers is due to powerful industry

1 Britain's achievements in the industrial revolution never set the sun on the Empire

the three islands of Britain were isolated overseas. For a long period of history, Britain was marginalized in politics, economy and culture. British nobles showed their nobility by speaking a few words of French, and English was regarded as a inferior language in the European continent. However, the arrival of the industrial revolution has given marginalized Britain a chance to turn over

in 1733, mechanic John Kaye invented the flying shuttle, which doubled the weaving efficiency. In 1764, Weaver and carpenter James Hargreaves invented the Jenny spinning machine, which increased the spinning efficiency by 15 times. In 1785, engineer Eddie montcartwright invented the hydraulic loom, which increased the working efficiency by 40 times. The traditional handicraft industry gradually disintegrated and was replaced by mechanized mass production

with the rise of the textile industry, higher requirements were put forward for the power system. The steam engine, which was originally only used for pumping water from mines, was improved and used in the textile industry. In 1784, Britain established the first steam spinning factory. Later, steam engines were used in metallurgical industry, railway transportation, steam boats and other fields. By 1825, Britain had 15000 steam engines (375000 horsepower). From mines to factories, from land to sea, machines were roaring, rotating and galloping everywhere

so far, Britain has not only basically got rid of the shackles of traditional handicraft industry in the textile industry and realized mechanization, but also realized the substitution of machines for people in many fields such as transportation, metallurgy and so on. By 1850, Britain's total industrial output value accounted for 39% of the world's total industrial output value, and its trade volume accounted for 21% of the world's total

when the British opened the door of the Manchu and Qing Dynasties with the Opium War, we should not only see the strong ships and cannons of the British, but also see the industrial foundation that provides support for the strong ships and cannons. This is the material guarantee for the red shirt army to fight all over the world in the 19th century and the cornerstone for Britain to become an empire that will never fall

2 Germany has the ability to challenge the old international order because of its strong industrial strength

Germany's industrialization is 50 years later than that of Britain. In 1830, Germany's industrial population accounted for less than 3%, and it was still an agricultural country. In addition, Germany was still in a fragmented state. These factors made the Germans become third-class citizens of Europe and were bullied. So that Heine, a famous romantic poet in Germany in the 19th century, lamented that the land belonged to the French and Russians, and the sea belonged to the British. Only in the empty dream and tending to overheat the Middle Kingdom, The power of the Germans is indisputable

it was not until 1834 that the German customs union was established under the appeal of scholars such as Liszt that German countries embarked on the road of industrialization. By 1846, the German countries of the Customs Union had 313 yarn mills and 750000 mechanical spindles, with 1139 steam engines (21700 horsepower). By 1848, the total length of railway lines in Germany was 2500 kilometers

subsequently, the German state seized the opportunity of the second industrial revolution, and the steel industry flourished, emerging Ruhr Industrial Zone, Saar industrial zone and other important industrial towns. By 1870, Germany's steam power reached 2.48 million horsepower, the coal production lifted the pen of the recorded value to 34 million tons, the pig iron production reached 1.39 million tons, the steel production reached 170000 tons, and the length of the railway line was 18876 kilometers

at this point, German industry surpassed France in one fell swoop, and the total output value accounted for 13.2% of the world's total industrial output value, which also laid the material foundation for Prussia to win the Franco Prussian War in 1871

during the Second Reich of Germany, relying on the exploitation of cheap domestic labor and the war reparations of France, China and other countries, Germany's industrial strength achieved a leap forward development. On the eve of World War I, Germany's urbanization rate reached 60%, its industrial output accounted for 15.7% of the world's total industrial output, its steel output was 2.26 times that of Britain, its power generation was 3.2 times that of Britain, its railway mileage reached 60521 kilometers, 90% of that of Britain, and its coal output was 95% of that of Britain, Become the largest industrial country in Europe

the strong industrial foundation has also become the foundation for Germany to dare to challenge British hegemony

3 the United States and the Soviet Union established a new international order after the war because of strong industry. In the year of

, the United States is still a backward agricultural country. The industry in the north is mainly food processing and textile industry, but also produces raw materials such as wood and minerals; In the south, there is a plantation economy, where slave farms grow cotton, tea and grain

after the civil war, the United States, like Germany, seized the opportunity of the second industrial revolution. In addition, the United States has better development potential than Germany, vast territory, abundant resources, huge population, and a unique geographical environment, which led to explosive growth of American industry. From 1868 to 1880, American steel production increased at an average annual rate of about 40%. Until the eve of World War I, American industrial production ranked first in the world, Accounting for 32% of the total global industrial output, the output of steel, coal, oil and grain ranks first in the world

until the eve of World War II, the industrial output of the United States accounted for 38.7% of the total global industrial output. This is the root of the fact that the United States built a fleet aircraft carrier every two months on average during World War II, producing 40000 aircraft and 20000 tanks a year

on the eve of World War I, Russia's industrial output accounted for 8.2% of the world's total industrial output. Although it seemed that its industrial strength was not bad, a large part of its industrial output came from foreign-invested light industry, and its domestic heavy industry accounted for only 1/5 of the total industry. Therefore, Russia was known as the mud foot giant

in World War I, the equipment of the Russian army was significantly inferior to that of the German army. In some cases, three soldiers even shared a rifle. After the establishment of the Soviet Union, especially under Stalin's guiding ideology of steel industrialization and the planned economic system, the Soviet Union ushered in the era of high-speed industrialization. Until the eve of World War II, the industrial output of the Soviet Union accounted for 17.6% of the world's total industrial output, and the industrial structure was dominated by military industry and heavy industry

it was relying on strong heavy industry that the Soviet Union produced 108000 tanks, self-propelled artillery and 144000 aircraft during World War II, and finally won the patriotic war, joined forces with the allies in the Elbe River, and redefined the post-war international order with the United States

02 the decline of the west is due to the loss of powerful industry

1 there is no international status without powerful industry

looking back on history, although China paid a huge price in the two world wars, it has only the name of a victorious country, but there is no reality of a victorious country. After the first World War, Shandong's rights and interests were seized by Japan; After World War II, China's rights and interests in Outer Mongolia and Northeast China were disposed of by the United States to the Soviet Union. The root of these phenomena lies in the fact that the industrial strength is inferior to people and the comprehensive national strength is inferior to people. It is obvious to make a comparison with the data before World War II:

the United States accounts for 38.7% of the world's industrial production; The Soviet Union accounted for 17.6% of the world's industrial production; Germany accounts for 13.2% of the world's industrial production; Britain accounts for 9.2% of the world's industrial production; France accounts for 4.5% of the world's industrial production; China accounts for 0.3% of world industrial production

from the above data, it can be seen that China's industrial strength was extremely weak before World War II. Most of the limited factories belonged to the textile industry, while the heavy industry was almost zero, ranging from nails to aircraft, tanks and warships. At that time, China did not have its own industrial system and national defense industry, which could neither guarantee national security nor support the sustainable development of the national economy. Under the law of international relations of the law of the jungle, it was naturally bullied. Even China's national sovereignty was regarded as an object that could be arbitrarily punished by the great powers

it is precisely because since 1840, the century old national humiliation of being bullied because of the inferior industrial strength to people has prompted the first generation of leadership led by Mao Zedong to have great enthusiasm for the development of heavy industry. Even if it is frugal and hungry, it is necessary to establish a perfect industrial system and establish a strong national defense industry. In 1949, China was an agricultural country with devastation, poverty and weakness. In 1976, China has become the sixth industrialized country in the world with a complete industrial system and sophisticated weapons and equipment such as two bombs and one satellite and nuclear submarines. China thus got rid of the impression of poverty and weakness. The people's Republic of China has also become one of the five permanent members of the United Nations, and has won the status of equal dialogue with the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain, France and other established international powers

30 years east of the river, 30 years west of the river. With the de industrialization of the West in recent decades, and the industrial development of East Asian countries to the best of their ability, the world has emerged three major industrial centers in North America, Western Europe and East Asia, which led to the past era of one country dominating the world is gone forever. On the global political stage, East Asian countries began to play an increasingly important role, and the international political pattern has also undergone bipolar confrontation from the cold war, In the post Cold War era, the changes of the international status of various countries are determined by the industrial strength in the final analysis

2 without strong industry, there will be no sustained economic prosperity.

no agriculture, no industry, no industry, no wealth. Due to the relatively limited output of agriculture, among the three industries, industry is truly an industry with strong hematopoietic function, which is of extraordinary significance to the sustained economic prosperity and social stability

since the 2008 financial crisis, the European and American economies have plummeted, and China's economy has emerged as an engine of world economic growth, which is fundamentally due to China's rapidly growing industrial strength. The reason why Germany was able to obtain the leadership of Europe, especially after the European debt crisis, and mastered the power to punish other countries' national sovereignty, also stems from Germany's strong industrial strength

without a strong industry, although we can rely on the sale of natural resources, the scenery will not last forever. By selling its own resources, Argentina was a relatively rich country in the early 20th century. In the 1970s, thanks to the rise of Japan's economy, the large-scale demand for raw materials bred a bull market for bulk commodities used to test the mechanical properties of technical materials. The soaring prices of iron ore, oil and soybeans supported the economic prosperity of Argentina. Argentina even stepped into the threshold of developed countries for a time. However, with the saturation of Japan's demand for raw materials and the loss of Japan for two decades, Argentina's economy was hit hard, and populism and the shortsightedness of domestic politicians made Argentina a

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