How high is the power industry in the face of Envi

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In the face of Environmental Criticism and international environmental changes, how can the power industry "go to sea" with high quality

"enterprises should combine PEST analysis with SWOT analysis", "grasp the Environmental Kuznets curve of the country where the project is located"... In the online discussion of "strategic thinking on high-quality development of 'the Belt and Road' power cooperation" recently launched by the Silk Road International capacity Cooperation Promotion Center, Wang Zhixuan, the full-time vice president of the China Electricity Council, threw out a series of classic concepts of management and, It is also emphasized that in the fatigue life test of international cooperative mechanical parts, attention is often paid to whether the actual position of the piston and the displacement display position are 1. What products should be used in a good way should be overall, long-term, directional and predictable, and high quality should be taken as a "required course"

it is learned that as an important force in the "going global" of China's power industry, it is still difficult to get rid of the criticism of high carbon emissions. Both domestic construction and overseas investment in coal-fired power projects have attracted the attention and even doubts of the international community. Facing the pressure of environmental protection and emission reduction and changes in the international environment, how can China's power industry achieve high-quality "going to sea"

blindly seeking "scale" to "quality"

according to the statistical data of China Power Council, in 2018, the international capacity cooperation of China power industry, including foreign direct investment, foreign engineering contracting, equipment and technical service export, declined on the whole. Compared with 2017, the actually completed foreign investment decreased by 69.96%, the newly signed contract value of foreign engineering contracting decreased by 44.48%, the export value of power equipment decreased by 15.12%, and the export value of power technology services decreased by 71.76%. "Trade frictions, geopolitical conflicts and many other unstable and uncertain factors in international economic and social development have affected international production capacity cooperation to a certain extent." Wang Zhixuan pointed out

changes in the external environment have put forward higher requirements for the "internal strength" of power enterprises. In the view of lianghandong, deputy general manager of Guangdong Electric Power Design and Research Institute of China energy construction, the high-quality development of China's power industry still needs to "make further progress"

"it is estimated that by 2022 or 2023, the GDP of Guangdong Hong Kong Macao Greater Bay area will exceed that of the Tokyo Bay. However, the per capita energy consumption intensity, energy consumption per unit of GDP, residential power quality and other aspects will reach the level of the Tokyo Bay by 2030 to 2035." Liang Handong pointed out, "in the next ten years, what will test us is no longer the growth of the scale of projects and projects, but how to achieve real high-quality development."

"China's power industry, especially the coal power sector, has provided the world with high-quality projects and products. But in the project cooperation and exchange with overseas institutions, we found that they now need more than high-quality products and projects." Liang Handong said, "how to resist typhoons? How to strengthen the electrical stability of the terminal? The partners need us to put forward high-quality solutions according to the specific situation. But in the project bidding, we found that we lack an international expert team. Therefore, to truly achieve high-quality development, we really need to do a lot."

coal power projects are still the mainstream

according to the statistics of China Electricity Council, by the end of 2018, China had participated in the construction of 270 coal power projects in 25 countries along the "the Belt and Road", with an installed capacity of 260million kW, of which EPC projects accounted for 70%

China has comparative advantages in coal power technology and construction, which also makes the international community pay much attention to the construction and scale of domestic and overseas coal power projects of Chinese power enterprises. In this regard, Wang Zhixuan stressed that whether to develop coal-fired power ultimately requires sovereign countries to make choices according to their own economic, social and energy development. "On the one hand, China's coal-fired power construction is at the world's advanced and leading level in terms of equipment advancement and pollution control level, which can fully meet or even higher than the local environmental protection requirements; on the other hand, China is not only involved in the construction of coal-fired power plants, but also an active promoter and participant of low-carbon power technologies such as asking the price of hydrostatic testing machines just like asking the price of cars and wind power."

"different countries have different energy structures and economic development levels. Developing countries, especially those with backward economic levels, should be allowed to give priority to solving the particularly scarce power problem, which is an important aspect of solving poverty and promoting the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind." Wang Zhixuan said

Liang Handong pointed out that the choice between coal power and other forms of energy should not be rash, but should pursue overall optimization. "For example, if all coal-fired power in Guangdong is replaced by gas and electricity, the pollutant emissions can only be reduced by less than 10% on the current basis, and the carbon emission level is basically the same, which is not cost-effective. We envisage improving the utilization capacity of offshore wind power through the application of energy storage technology, while ensuring the appropriate scale development of coal-fired power and the combination of various energy forms. We hope to comprehensively improve the economy and safety in the next few years."

consider demand from a global perspective

coal power still has advantages in terms of technology maturity and power generation cost, but is it the preferred solution to solve the problem of power consumption? Some experts said that the international community is increasingly negative about this

"coal power should indeed be considered comprehensively according to resource endowment, economic development stage, power structure, etc., and the current clean level of coal power is also quite good. However, now coal power projects are indeed facing a dilemma in the world." Fuweixiong, executive director of the Silk Road international production capacity Cooperation Promotion Center, pointed out, "at present, few institutions in the world will lend loans to coal-fired power projects. The impression that 'chimneys mean pollution' is deeply rooted in many countries. From the perspective of investment, a coal-fired power project is a 20-30-year cycle, in which changes in power demand, policy environment and other conditions may bring additional risks."

also threatening the dominance of coal-fired power is the increasingly affordable new energy. Songdongsheng, former general manager of PowerChina International Corporation, said that by 2030, the price of photovoltaic power generation, wind power, "photovoltaic + energy storage" combined with the corresponding kilowatt hour electricity may be reduced to 1 cent, 2 cents and 3 cents. "Energy revolution and power revolution are taking place."

so, which power utilization form is the future trend? Song Dongsheng pointed out that "new energy + distributed + smart electricity" is the use method and the problems needed in the use process of the material tensile testing machine and a development direction of the future power industry. "For power enterprises, what impact will the trend of decentralization have on large power stations? Is there a future for the long-distance transmission of ultra-high voltage? These issues should be considered not only from the perspective of countries that already have strong backbone power, but also from the perspective of the world, especially countries along the 'the Belt and Road'."

taking Africa as an example, song Dongsheng believes that with the advent of the new era of electrification, the power industry still has broad development space in many fields. "Africa has more than 1.2 billion people, and about 600million people still have no access to electricity. Electricity is not only a huge challenge to its development, but also a huge market. Some new power technologies, such as new energy, multi energy complementarity, energy storage, micro technology and its comprehensive applications, will achieve significant development in Africa in the future."

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